When an athlete or a sportsperson is opting to go through any type of high altitude training in the hopes of increasing his performance exponentially at sea level. He or she must remember a few things before they actually start a routine. And sometimes, in this case, a medical expert is often needed to be around during the training along with the proper coach to check over every symptom that might occur during the training period. Each of these symptoms is to be taken into account since it affects the major body function in numerous ways.
How does high altitude affect the athlete’s body?
Whenever an athlete is running or doing exercises at a higher altitude, his blood circulation gets affected. When the body is taken into a high altitude, there is a significant decreasein the amount of oxygen reaching the muscles. This is because the low atmospheric pressure at higher altitudes results in thin air and this is why it deprives the blood of the oxygen it needs. And thus, less oxygen reaches the muscles, this is where the anaerobic respiration takes place to compensate for the low levels of oxygen.
How is such training proven to be useful?
According to various research studies taken place for the sake of understanding how high altitude affects the body, scientists have come to the conclusion that it is actually effective in increasing the performance at sea level. The ever-changing conditions at a high altitude act asa ‘natural blood doping’ agent towards the body.
Since an anaerobic function is noticed in the muscles, the blood increases its overall capacity for oxygen when the availability of oxygen-rich atmosphere is low. And thus, in turn, increases the overall RBC volume in our body, so when the athlete competes at the sea level, it is generally observed that he possesses more RBCs than the other participants who haven’t undergone such training. And this ultimately results in performance above average.